With it being the 1000 Guineas next weekend, Daniel Briden looks back at the fortunes of those that won the race between 1990-2008 once they embarked upon their second career as broodmares.
The progeny of Classic winners is often a source of great interest for pedigree aficionados and followers of horse racing alike, but just how do these fillies fare once their career on the track comes to end and they take up broodmare duties?
Here’s a look at 1000 Guineas winners from 1990-2008.
1990: Salsabil (Sadler’s Wells – Flame Of Tara (Artaius)) – John Dunlop/Willie Carson
Adding the Epsom Oaks, Irish Derby and Prix Vermeille to her win in the opening fillies’ Classic at Newmarket, this daughter of Sadler’s Wells confirmed herself one of the finest fillies of her generation.
Sadly, her stud career was all too brief, producing just five foals – notably high-class performers Alabaq, Bint Salsabil and Sahm – before succumbing to cancer in the autumn of 1996.
1992 Firdous (f. Nashwan), unraced
1993 BINT SALSABIL (f. Nashwan), winner of four races, including the Rockfel Stakes (Gr. 3, 7f); dam of several winners, notably Mukafeh, placed in the Jebel Ali Mile (L, 1m)
1994 SAHM (c. Mr Prospector), five-times winner, including the Knickerbocker Handicap (Gr.3, 9f); stallion in the US
1995 MUHABA (f. Mr Prospector), winner at two years; granddam of QARAABA, winner of the Robert J. Frankel Stakes (Gr.3, 9f)
1996 ALABAQ (f. Riverman), winner of three races, including the Premio Bagutta (Gr.3, 1m) and Pretty Polly Stakes (L, 10f)
1991: Shadayid (Shadeed – Desirable (Lord Gayle)) – John Dunlop/Willie Carson
A winner of both the Prix Marcel Boussac and Fred Darling Stakes, her victory in the 1000 Guineas proved to be her last career success, though she subsequently placed on five occasions at Group 1 level, including a third place finish in the Epsom Oaks the following month.
Her broodmare career got off to a very good start – her first foal making the frame in this very race – and she went on to produce another three black type performers before sadly losing her life after foaling the last of them in April 2002.
1993 BINT SHADAYID (f. Nashwan), twice a winner, including the Prestige Stakes (Gr.3, 7f), placed in the 1000 Guineas (Gr.1, 1m)
1994 SHAWAF (c. Mr Prospector), twice a winner
1996 Achwak (f. Nashwan), unraced
1997 ASHJAAN (f. Silver Hawk), winner at two (only season to race)
1998 ALSHADIYAH (f. Danzig), twice a winner, including the Firth Of Clyde Stakes (L, 6f), placed in the Fred Darling Stakes (Gr.3, 7f); dam of five winners from seven foals, notably Haatheq, placed twice at Group 2 level
1999 IMTIYAZ (c. Woodman), four times a winner, including the Glasgow Stakes (L, 10f) and Foundation Stakes (L, 10f), placed in the Prix Jean Prat (Gr.1, 1m); stallion in India
2000 MURASHAH (c. Storm Cat), won one race from two starts
2001 MUHAYMIN (c. A.P. Indy), won once race from eight starts
2002 Teeba (f. Seeking The Gold), won once race from four starts, placed in the Valiant Stakes (L, 1m)
1992: Hatoof (Irish River – Cadeaux D’aime (Lyphard)) – Criquette Head/Walter Swinburn
One of the finest fillies of her generation who followed her 1000 Guineas success with victories in the Champion Stakes and Beverley D Stakes, ending her career with a second place finish in the Breeders’ Cup Turf.
Her career as broodmare never really got off the ground, however, with none of the five winners she produced coming remotely close to replicating her own level of success on the track – disappointing considering the quality of stallion she was paired with throughout her time at stud.
1996 PROSPECTS OF GLORY (c. Mr Prospector), won one race at six years; stallion in Italy
1997 Red Fury (c. Rahy), lightly-raced maiden
1998 MIGHTY ISIS (f. Pleasant Colony), winner in France
1999 DUBAI EDITION (c. Mr Prospector), twice a winner in the US and UAE
2000 WHISPER TO DREAM (f. Gone West), twice a winner in France
2004 Bochinche (f. Kingmambo), twice-raced maiden
2005 Charity (f. Sakhee), unraced
2006 LOULOU (f. El Prado), won once from seven starts
1993: Sayyedati (Shadeed – Dubian (High Line)) – Clive Brittain/Walter Swinburn
Five-times Group 1 winner whose win at Newmarket sandwiched victories in the Moyglare Stud Stakes and Cheveley Park Stakes at two and Prix Jacques le Marois and Sussex Stakes later on in a career that spanned four seasons.
Her broodmare career was underwhelming on the whole, though her best product, Almushahar, sustained a serious injury after winning the Champagne Stakes at two and never raced again. The majority of her progeny were either on the small side and/or failed to train on. She died in 2007.
1997 Lemarate (c. by Gulch), 40-race maiden
1998 D’JEBEL AMOUR (f. Mt. Livermore), twice a winner in the US
1999 CUNAS (f. Irish River), won one race from two starts; dam of useful middle distance stayer Sabotage, placed in the Aston Park Stakes (L, 13f)
2000 ALMUSHAHAR (c. Silver Hawk), won only two career starts, both at two, including the Champagne Stakes (Gr.2, 7f); died 2004
2001 HYPER DELIGHT (c. Silver Hawk), twice a winner in Japan
2003 LONELY AHEAD (f. Rahy), won one race from five starts
2005 Sayyedati Symphony (f. Gone West), seven-race maiden
2007 Sayyedati Storm (f. Storm Cat), thrice-raced maiden
1994: Las Meninas (Glenstal – Spanish Habit (Habitat)) – Tommy Stack/John Reid
Robert Sangster homebred who edged out Balanchine to secure Classic glory, but, following a second place finish in the Irish equivalent, failed to scale such heights ever again and was retired at the end of that season.
Her broodmare career proved to be a major disappointment, sold to Japan after only a handful of coverings at Robert Sangster’s Swettenham Stud and producing winners at only a minor level in the Far East.
1996 Stanley Wigfield (c. Woodman); maiden
1997 SWINGING TRIO (c. Woodman), won once from six starts
1999 Brianza (f. Thunder Gulch), thrice-raced maiden
2000 GREEK REVIVAL (c. Royal Academy), three-times a winner at two
2001 PRODIGO (c. Southern Halo), won once from eight starts in Japan
2002 ETOILE CAFE (c. Sunday Silence), won once from 22 starts in Japan
2003 Margarita (f. Sunday Silence), five-race maiden in Japan
2005 NEO SYMPHONY (f. Falbrav), won once from eleven starts in Japan
2006 HIGHGATE (c. Symboli Kris S), dual winner in Japan
1995: Harayir (Gulch – Saffaanh (Shareef Dancer)) – Dick Hern/Richard Hills
Defeated her owner/breeder’s first string Aqaarid and subsequent Oaks winner Moonshell to claim Classic glory, but she failed to prove herself top-class thereafter – all three subsequent victories being achieved at Group 2/3 level, including the Challenge Stakes on her final career start.
Hailing from a hugely successful family that included Classic winners Favoletta, Give Thanks (her granddam) and Teenoso (and later Rule Of Law and Sir Percy), her broodmare career failed to live up to expectations. Five of her seven foals to race did indeed prove victorious, but only a couple of them achieved a smart level of form, which is disappointing considering the calibre of stallion she was sent to.
1997 MOONJAZ (c. Nashwan), won once in the UK, later successful in Switzerland; stallion in the Czech Republic
1998 Alqabas (c. Nashwan), modest maiden under both codes
1999 IZDIHAM (c. Nashwan), twice a winner, including the Gala Stakes (L, 10f)
2000 Alfunun (f. Sadler’s Wells), unraced
2002 Jadeera (f. Darshaan), unraced
2003 MULAAZEM (c. King’s Best), won once race at three years
2005 Amhooj (f. Green Desert), seven-race maiden
2007 AZIZI (c. Haafhd), three times winner at two
2010 ENFIJAAR (f. Invincible Spirit), won once from three starts
1996: Bosra Sham (Woodman – Korveya (Riverman)) – Henry Cecil/Pat Eddery
Extended her unbeaten record to four when winning at Newmarket, but she was blighted by foot trouble for most of her career, missing that year’s summer campaign it its entirety and returning with a second place finish behind Mark Of Esteem in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes at Ascot in September. She bounced back with victory in the Champion Stakes back at Newmarket and handed out an 8-length beating to Alhaarth in the Prince Of Wales’s Stakes the following summer, but things didn’t go her way the next twice (met trouble in running in the Eclipse Stakes and then lost a shoe in the Juddmonte International Stakes) and was retired within a month of what had proven to be her final career outing at York.
Her broodmare career failed to match her achievements on the track, producing three winners but none of them achieving a top-class level of form. She did at least make an impression in the sales ring – her first two foals to sell doing so for 1,000,000gns and $1,500,000 respectively – and was herself was sold privately as part of owner Wafic Said’s dispersal sale in 2003.
1999 SHAMI (c. Rainbow Quest), twice a winner from 28 starts
2000 BOSRA’S VALENTINE (c. Sadler’s Wells), three-times winner in the UAE
2001 ROSBERG (c. A.P. Indy), five-times winner in the UAE and US, including the Premier’s Stakes (Gr.3, 11f); stallion in Canada
2003 Branded (c. Singspiel), poor maiden
2004 El Morzillo (c. Green Desert), unraced
2005 Reve De Fille (f. Storm Cat), unraced
2006 Tingling (f. Storm Cat), thrice-raced maiden
1997: Sleepytime (Royal Academy – Alidiva (Chief Singer)) – Henry Cecil/Kieren Fallon
Having finished third in the Fillies’ Mile the previous September and fourth in the Fred Darling on her return that spring, she bounced back in no uncertain manner when powering up the stands’ side rail to see off Oh Nellie by 4 lengths to secure Classic success. She was limited to just two further outings, managing only third behind Rebecca Sharp in the Coronation Stakes before ending her career with a tailed off last of seven in the Earl Of Sefton Stakes the following spring.
She made a fantastic start at stud, her first three foals to race all achieving black type. Her more recent offspring haven’t quite hit the same heights, although her three-year-old filly (in training with John Gosden) shaped with real promise on her sole outing to date.
1999 Secret Dream (f. Zafonic), unraced; dam of multiple winner Dream Lodge, placed in the Strensall Stakes (Gr.3, 9f)
2000 Ellen (f. Machiavellian), unraced
2001 GENTLEMAN’S DEAL (c. Danehill), nine-times winner, including the Winter Derby (Gr.3, 10f), Ladybird Stakes (L, 10f) and Quebec Stakes (L, 10f); has enjoyed minor success as a stallion in the UK
2004 Spanish Harlem (c. Danehill), twice a winner in Ireland and the USA, placed in the Gallinule Stakes (Gr.3, 10f); stallion in South Africa
2006 DAME ELLEN (f. Elusive Quality), three-times winner in the US, including the Perfect Sting Stakes (L, 9f)
2007 Hypnology (f. Gone West), unraced
2008 Doozer (c. Forestry), maiden in the US
2009 LASHYN (f. Mr Greeley), won once from four starts
2011 Oh Star (f. Tale Of The Cat), runner-up only start to date
2012 Unnamed (c. Speightstown)
2013 Unnamed (c. Malibu Moon)
1998: Cape Verdi (Caerleon – Afrique Bleu Azur (Sagace)) – Saeed Bin Suroor/Frankie Dettori
Smart at two (won the Lowther Stakes and finished fourth in the Cheveley Park Stakes), she made a spectacular return to action when storming five lengths clear of Shahtoush on that first Sunday in May 1998. She finished ninth in the Epsom Derby next time and wasn’t seen again until the following summer, running some way below her best and bowing out with a lamentably poor run in the Nassau Stakes.
She is another 1000 Guineas winner that has been given every opportunity to shine at stud, regularly paired with leading stallions, but her broodmare career has been a letdown on the whole – producing just four winners and only one of them achieving a smart level of form.
2001 Arctic Silk (f. Selkirk), lightly-raced maiden
2002 Dubai Opera (f. Dubai Millennium), unraced
2003 BENANDONNER (c. Giant’s Causeway), 11 wins from over 100 starts
2004 SALSA VERDI (f. Giant’s Causeway), won once from three starts
2005 Paracel (f. Gone West), unraced
2006 Prize Magic (f. Elusive Quality), lightly-raced maiden in France
2008 Sir Francis Drake (c. Pivotal), maiden
2009 NABUCCO (c. Dansili), four-times winner, including the James Seymour Stakes (L, 10f)
2010 THOUWRA (c. Pivotal), three-times winner
2011 Tarrafal (c. Shamardal), maiden
2013 Unnamed (f. Dubawi)
1999: Wince (Selkirk – Flit (Lyphard)) – Henry Cecil/Kieren Fallon
Became Henry Cecil’s sixth and final winner of the 1000 Guineas, which was run on the July course due to the redevelopment of the Rowley Mile in 1999, but she would only see the track once more after achieving Classic success – returning lame after finishing fifth in the Irish equivalent and retired after suffering a setback later in the season.
She made an impressive start to her broodmare career, producing a Group 1 winner at the first time of asking and her second foal proving smart from a limited amount of opportunities. Her fortunes since then have been rather mixed, though her third and final mating with Sadler’s Wells produced a third black type performer.
2001 QUIFF (f. by Sadler’s Wells), twice a winner, including the Yorkshire Oaks (Gr.1, 12f), runner-up in the St Leger (Gr.1, 15f)
2004 Arabian Gulf (c. Sadler’s Wells), won once from three starts, runner-up in the Chester Vase (Gr.3, 12f); stallion in India
2006 DREAM WIN (c. Oasis Dream), four-times winner
2007 Operatic (f. Barathea), unraced
2008 Total Command (c. Sadler’s Wells), won one race at three years, placed in the Queen’s Vase (Gr.3, 16f); died in 2012
2009 Ultimate Authority (c. Dansili), unraced; died in 2012
2010 DREAM WILD (f. Oasis Dream), won once from five starts
2013 Unnamed (f. Oasis Dream)
2000: Lahan (Unfuwain – Amanah (Mr Prospector)) – John Gosden/Richard Hills
Winner of the Rockfel Stakes at two, she caused something of an upset when bouncing back from a disappointing reappearance run in the Nell Gwyn to win at odds of 14/1, but it proved to be her final career outing as injury intervened soon after.
She has made little impact at stud so far, evidently difficult to get in foal (produced just four further foals since her first in 2002). All three of her foals to make the track have at least won, but none of them have proven to be anything more than fair performers.
2002 ALMANSHOOD (c. Bahri), one win under each code
2005 EJEED (c. Rahy), twice a winner
2008 AGIAAL (c. Sakhee), won one race from five starts
2010 Unnamed (c. Invasor), unraced
2013 Unnamed (f. Bernardini)
2001: Ameerat (Mark Of Esteem – Walimu (Top Ville)) – Michael Jarvis/Philip Robinson
Defeated the once-raced Muwakleh to secure victory at Newmarket, but she confirmed the view it was a weak renewal when falling short in two further Group 1 contests prior to signing off with a muted effort in the then Group 2 Sun Chariot Stakes.
Her career at stud has been one of promise failing to deliver, with a couple of her progeny scoring well on debut but subsequently failing to add to that initial success, although all four of her foals to have raced to date have won.
2004 OWN BOSS (c. Seeking The Gold), won once from five starts
2007 SOWAYLM (c. Tobougg), two wins from 19 starts
2008 KAWSAAJ (c. Dubawi), one win from nine starts
2009 Oojooba (f. Monsun), one win from 11 starts, placed in the EBF Upavon Stakes (L, 10f)
2010 Saadatt (f. New Approach), unraced
2011 Ebn Naas (c. Monsun), unraced
2012 Tajbell (f. New Approach)
2002: Kazzia (Zinaad – Khoruna (Lagunas)) – Saeed Bin Suroor/Frankie Dettori
Snapped up by Godolphin at the end of her two-year-old campaign in her native Germany, this filly burst onto the scene at Newmarket, staying on well to overhaul Snowfire and score by a head. She chalked up a further two wins at the top level, following up in the Epsom Oaks and going on to land the Flower Bowl Invitational Stakes at Belmont. She was retired to be covered by Singspiel after her sixth place finish in the Breeders’ Cup Filly & Turf.
The result of that mating was future Dubai Sheema Classic winner Eastern Anthem, and she went on to produce two more black type winners. Very sadly, she died after complications following the birth of a Dubawi filly last year, but her legacy will live on through both that filly and three other daughters, while her three-year-old colt looks promising.
2004 EASTERN ANTHEM (c. Singspiel), five-times winner, including the Dubai Sheema Classic (Gr.1, 12f)
2007 ZEITOPER (c. Singspiel), won three races from five starts, including the Prix de Conde (Gr.3, 9f)
2008 Moonsail (f. Monsun), maiden
2009 KAILANI (f. Monsun), twice a winner, including the Pretty Polly Stakes (L, 10f)
2011 King’s Land (c. New Approach), once-raced maiden
2012 Kazziana (f. Shamardal)
2013 Unnamed (f. Dubawi)
2003: Russian Rhythm (Kingmambo – Balistroika (Nijinsky)) – Sir Michael Stoute/Kieren Fallon
A leading 2yo the season before, she picked up where she left off the following May and stamped herself a top-class performer with further victories in the Coronation Stakes and Nassau Stakes prior to a good second place finish behind Falbrav in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. Her sole outing at four saw her land the Lockinge Stakes against the boys, but injury saw cut short a flourishing career not long after.
Her career as broodmare has yet to really take off, her two winners to date useful but not standing a great deal of racing.
2006 Barynya (f. Pivotal), thrice-raced maiden
2007 Safina (f. Pivotal), won once from four starts, placed in the Sandringham Handicap (L, 1m)
2008 Zykina (f. Pivotal), unraced
2010 RUSSIAN REALM (c. Dansili), won once from five starts
2012 Russian Heroine (f. Invincible Spirit)
2013 Unnamed (f. Dansili)
2004: Attraction (Efisio – Flirtation (Pursuit Of Love)) – Mark Johnston/Kevin Darley
Unbeaten at two in a six-race campaign that culminated in victory in the Cheveley Park Stakes, she extended her run to seven wins from seven starts with victory on her return to action at Newmarket. Her unbeaten record stretched to nine victories, bagging the Irish equivalent three weeks later and the Coronation Stakes the following month before meeting with defeat for the first time at the hands of Soviet Song in the Falmouth Stakes. The daughter of Efisio notched a further two wins at Group 1 level before retiring to stud in 2005.
She is another whose offspring haven’t stood a great deal of racing, her four foals to have made it to the track unable to add to their maiden win. Her three foals to sell at auction so far have fetched just over 1m guineas in total.
2007 ELATION (f. Cape Cross), won once from two starts
2008 DEVASTATION (f. Montjeu), won once from three starts
2009 Subtraction (c. Cape Cross), unraced
2010 Cushion (f. Galileo), won one race from 10 starts, placed three times at Listed level, including the Pride Stakes (L, 10f)
2011 FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH (c. Oasis Dream), won once from three starts, finished fourth in the Windsor Castle Stakes (L, 5f)
2012 Unnamed (c. Montjeu)
2013 Unnamed (c. Oasis Dream)
2005: Virginia Waters (Kingmambo – Legend Maker (Sadler’s Wells)) – Aidan O’Brien/Kieren Fallon
Achieved a useful level of form at two without looking like a Guineas winner in waiting, but she won a 1000 Guineas Trial in Ireland in good style before following up in the race itself at Newmarket. However, that proved to be her career highlight, running well in defeat in the Epsom Oaks and Matron Stakes but continuing to fall short at the top level thereafter.
Her broodmare career started promisingly, producing a Listed winner with her very first foal, but her subsequent four foals have failed to win a race between them.
2007 EMPEROR CLAUDIUS (c. Giant’s Causeway), won four times from eight starts, including the Celebration Stakes (L, 1m)
2008 Ballroom (f. Storm Cat), seven-race maiden
2009 Visalia (f. Dansili), lightly-raced maiden in France
2010 Where (f. Danehill Dancer), four-race maiden
2011 Dove Mountain (c. Danehill Dancer), eight-race maiden
2013 Unnamed (c. Fastnet Rock)
2006: Speciosa (Danehill Dancer – Specifically (Sky Classic)) – Pam Sly/Michael Fenton
Improved with each and every run at two, culminating in victory in the Rockfel Stakes, and, after bagging the Nell Gwyn Stakes on her return at three, made it a hat-trick of wins in style on the Rowley Mile. However, she failed to maintain that level of form throughout the second half of the season, running creditably in defeat (fourth) in the Epsom Oaks but her record rather patchy thereafter, something that she carried through to her four-year-old campaign, when she was to placed once more at Group 1 level.
The fairy story on the track has yet to be replicated off it, with her first three foals – all of which have raced for owner/trainer/breeder Pam Sly – unable to muster a single victory between them.
2009 Vermuyden (c. Oasis Dream), five-race maiden
2010 Specialty (f. Oasis Dream), six-race maiden
2011 Asteroidea (f. Sea The Stars), twice-raced maiden
2012 Unnamed (c. Dubawi)
2013 Unnamed (f. Teofilo)
2007: Finsceal Beo (Mr Greeley – Musical Treat (Royal Academy)) – Jim Bolger/Kevin Manning
Progressed well at two, ending that campaign with Group 1 glory in the Prix Marcel Boussac, and she carried that improvement through to the spring of her three-year-old campaign when completing the Anglo-Irish 1000 Guineas double at the Curragh. That proved to be her final career win, however, chasing home Duke Of Marmalade in the Tattersalls Gold Cup and finishing third behind Haradasun in the Queen Anne Stakes at four but never scaling the heights of the previous spring.
She is yet to have a runner, but her second foal sold for €800,000 as a foal and her two-year-old fetched €2,850,000 as a yearling last autumn.
2010 Finsceal Fior (c. Galileo), unraced
2011 Too The Stars (f. Sea The Stars), unraced
2012 Ol’ man River (c. Montjeu)
2008: Natagora (Divine Light – Reinamixa (Linamix)) – Pascal Bary/Stephane Pasquier
Speedy and precocious at two (ended that campaign with a win in the Cheveley Park Stakes), she picked up where she left off the following spring, though the 1000 Guineas proved to be the last of her seven career victories. However, she regularly ran well in defeat at the top level, finishing third against the boys in the Prix du Jockey Club and not beaten far behind the likes of Goldikova, Paco Boy and Tamayuz subsequently. She was bought privately on behalf of Sheikh Hamdan Al Maktoum in 2008.
Her first foal was a winner on debut but failed to build on that initial success, and her second foal has achieved a modest level of form in two runs. However, hopes for a change in fortunes must be high given her last two pairings have been with two of Europe’s most successful stallions.
2010 RAYAHEEN (f. Nayef), one win from six starts
2011 Mumtaza (f. Nayef), twice-raced maiden
2012 Qumaasha (c. Oasis Dream)
2013 Unnamed (f. Dubawi)
It is interesting to note that only two of the last eighteen 1000 Guineas winners have gone on to produce a Group 1 winner at stud – 1999 winner Wince (Quiff, by Sadler’s Wells) and 2002 winner Kazzia (Eastern Anthem, by Singspiel).
Of the remainder listed above, very few have managed to produce more than one black type performer with several of their offspring proving modest at best; that despite being paired with some of the leading stallions available at the time of conception. It is also noticeable that the 1000 Guineas proved to be the career highlight or final victory for several of the fillies, giving credence to the argument that the race is essentially the last Group 1 of the two-year-old season – both in form terms and the fact that the better two-year-olds are naturally precocious/physically set and hold an advantage come May that is lost as the season progresses.